If divided according to the political structure of each historical period, the entire history of Tibet can be subdivided into four major sections: “The Age of Mythology”, “Age of Empires”, “Separatist era” and “Sectarian Ruling Era”.
“Mythical Age” of Tibetan History
The historical records at this stage were circulated in the form of myths and legends. It is said that NieChizanpu, who descended from the sky (the son of the god), is the first leader of the Tubo State. (It is estimated that its survival time is about 127 BC, about the same period as Emperor Wudi.)
Tubo Dynasty, the “era of empire” created by Songzanganbu
Songzanganbu was the founding king of the Tubo Dynasty. After moving to Lhasa, he carried out a series of political, military, and cultural reforms of the Tubo Dynasty such as imitated the Tang Dynasty to establish the rank of officials, unified measuring instruments, and created Tibetan. Since then, Tubo has truly become a powerful military empire.
The Product of the “Separatist Era” – the Sect of Tibetan Buddhism
Since the collapse of the Tubo Dynasty, Tibetan history has entered 400 years of separatism. The most important legacy left behind by this broken political structure is that in a very short period, there have been many religious factions. After Buddhism entered Tibet, there were no denominations for hundreds of years.
“The Age of Sect Domination” in Tibetan History
After Zhu established the Ming Dynasty, he changed the policy of the Domination of Sakya before the Yuan empire and began to implement the policy of “multiple conferring and multiple congregations”. Thus, the so-called “Tibet Eight Kings” is the ultimate embodiment of this policy.
After the establishment of the Qing dynasty in Tibet, the Gelug faction began to dominate the local affairs of Tibet and determined the four living Buddha systems-Dalai, Banchan, Zhangjia, and Zhebuzundanba.
In 1951, Tibet was peacefully liberated. In 1965, the Tibet Autonomous Region was formally announced. By the end of 2019, Tibet has eliminated absolute poverty, and the whole region has achieved overall poverty alleviation.