The area was originally belonged to one section of the territory of Baiyue tribes and officially became part of China in 214 B.C when the army of the Qin Dynasty claimed most of southern China.
During the late Qing Dynasty, Guangxi was the site of the Jintian Uprising. In 1885, it was also the site of the Battle of Zhennan Pass during the Franco-Chinese War.
After the founding of the Republic of China, Guangxi served as the base for one of the most powerful warlord cliques of China. Led by LuRongting and others, the clique was able to take control of neighboring Hunan and Guangdong provinces, and until it fell in the early 1920s. It was eventually replaced by Li Zongren and Bai Chongxi. Guangxi is also noted for the Baise Uprising, a communist uprising led by Deng Xiaoping in 1929.
In 1944, near the end of World War II, Japan invaded Guangxi and most major cities in Guangxi came under Japanese occupation. From 1945 to 1949, this region was controlled by the Kuomintang. After the People’s Republic was established, it officially joined the PRC.