Yunnan is famous for the diversity of its ethnic minorities in China. With 25 ethnic minorities and about 33% of its population made up of ethnic minorities, it is the province with the largest variety of ethnic minorities in the country. Of these 25 minority groups, the Yi have the largest population and the smallest population is the Dulong.
These include the Yi, Bai, Hani, Dai, Dai, Miao, Lisu, Hui, Lahu, Wa, Naxi, Yao, Tibetan, Jingpo, Brown, Pumi, Nu, Achang, Jinuo, Mongolian, Delong, Manchu, Shui, and Buyi.
Fifteen of these are indigenous to Yunnan, while the rest, such as the Mongols and Hui, entered Yunnan with the army during the Yuan Dynasty; the Japanese occupation of northern China during World War II forced the Han Chinese to migrate to Yunnan. These ethnic groups live in the valleys, hills, plains or mountains. Yunnan migrants from all directions, together with the diversity of the region, have created a diversity of ethnic groups.